The cosmic background radiation was produced when the universe was much hotter than it is now. Most of the atoms in the universe were ionized and photons interacted often with the ions or free electrons. As the universe cooled so that neutral atoms formed, the photons decoupled from matter and just propagated through space. We see these photons today as the background radiation. Because the universe is expanding, the radiation has been red shifted down to a much lower temperature. We observe about 2.7 degrees. The background radiation is very uniform but we are beginning to observe non-uniformities at the level.
From the previous problem, we can say that the peak occurs when
Similarly the peak in
Jim Branson 2013-04-22