We can determine the internal parity of the pion by studying pion capture by a deuteron, The pion is known to have spin 0, the deuteron spin 1, and the neutron spin . The internal parity of the deuteron is +1. The pion is captured by the deuteron from a 1S states, implying in the initial state. So the total angular momentum quantum number of the initial state is .
So the parity of the initial state is
Jim Branson 2013-04-22