Adding any plus spin .

We wish to write the states of total angular momentum
in terms of the
product states
.
We will do this by operating with the
operator and setting the coefficients
so that we have eigenstates.

We choose to write the the quantum number as . This is really just the defintion of the dummy variable . (Other choices would have been possible.)

The z component of the total angular momentum is just the sum of the z components from
the orbital and the spin.

There are only two product states which have the right . If the spin is up we need and if the spin is down, .

We will find the coefficients
and
so that
will be an eigenstate of

So operate on the right hand side with .

And operate on the left hand side.

Since the two terms are orthogonal, we can equate the coefficients for each term, giving us two equations. The term gives

The term gives

Collecting terms on the LHS and terms on the RHS, we get two equations.

Now we just cross multiply so we have one equation with a common factor of
.

While this equation looks like a mess to solve, if we notice the similarity between the LHS and RHS, we can solve it if

If we look a little more carefully at the LHS, we can see that another solution (which just interchanges the two terms in parentheses) is to replace by .

These are now simple to solve

So these are (again) the two possible values for . We now need to go ahead and find and .

Plugging
into our first equation,

we get the ratio between and . We will normalize the wave function by setting . So lets get the squares.

So we have completed the calculation of the coefficients. We will make use of these in the hydrogen atom, particularly for the anomalous Zeeman effect.

Writing this in the
**notation of matrix elements or Clebsch-Gordan coefficients** of the form,

we get.

Similarly

Jim Branson 2013-04-22