Diffraction from Crystals

Electron waves were first demonstrated by measuring diffraction from crystals. Davison and Germer observed diffraction of electrons from a Nickel crystal in 1928. They varied the electron energy to measure the electron wavelength, agreeing well with the deBroglie expectation.

First we see diffraction from a single crystal.

Diffraction off polycrystalline material gives concentric rings instead of spots.

Diffraction from crystals is a powerful tool. First we see x-ray diffraction from a single Sodium Crystalwhich has periodic locations of the atoms.


Another example of diffraction is shown below. Here neutrons diffract from a single Sodium crystal.


Jim Branson 2013-04-22